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Time

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Armenians use both international time description (i.e. 20:30 is 8:30 p.m.) at official venues, and then in average discourse they use the hours and minutes combined with morning, afternoon, evening and night (i.e. 8:30 in the morning, 3:30 in the afternoon, 7:30 in the evening, 2:30 at night). Generally, the hours from 5-6 a.m. until noon are considered morning (a-ra-vo-ti-AN); from noon until dusk is afternoon (Tser-e-KAH); from dusk until 10-11 p.m. is evening (yer-e-koi-AN); and from 10-11 p.m. until 5-6 is night (gi-SHER-e).

Armenians will describe night activities (i.e. flight times) as occurring ‘tonight-tomorrow early morning’ (ai-SOR ki-SHER-e, lu-IS VA-ghe a-ra-VOT).

Time | Telling Time

Time

 

 

Sunrise
³ñ¨³Í³·
arevatzag


"ah-rehvah-TZAK"

Morning
³ñ³íáï
aravot


"ah-rah-VOHT"

In the Morning
³ñ³íáïÛ³Ý
aravotian


"ah-rah-voht-ee-AHN"

Noon
Ï»ëûñ
kesor


"keh-SOHR"

At noon
Ï»ëáñÇÝ
kesorin


"keh-sohr-EEN"

Afternoon
ó»ñ»Ï
tserek


"tsehr-EHK"

In the Afternoon
ó»ñ»ÏÁ
tserekuh


"TSEHR-ehk-uh"

Evening
»ñ»Ïá
yereko


"yehr-eh-KOH"

In the Evening
»ñ»ÏáÛ³Ý
Yerekoyan


"yehr-eh-KOY-ahn"

Sunset
³ñ¨³Ùáõï
Arevamut


"ah-rehv-ah-MOOT"

Night
ႧȖ
gisher


"gee-SHEHR"

In the night
·Çß»ñÁ
gisheruh


"gee-SHEHR-uh"

Hour
ųÙ
zham


"zhahm"

Minute-(s)
ñáå» ( ñáå»Ý»ñ )
ropeh (ropehnehr)


"ROH-peh (roh-peh-NEHR)"

Second-(s)
í³ñÏÛ³Ý ( í³ñÏÛ³ÝÝ»ñ )
varkian (varkiannehr)


"vahrk-ee’AHN (vahrk-ee’ahn-NEHR)"
What time is it?
ųÙÁ ù³ÝDZëÝ ¿
zhamuh kanis’n eh?
"zhahm-uh kahn-EES’neh"

 

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Telling Time

To answer at what time something is, use round hour numerals the same as counting, but tack on a ‘n at the end of the number i.e. "zhamuh mek’n eh, zhamuh chors’n eh, etc."
 
 

5 o’clock (literally, ‘hour 5’)
ųÙÁ ÑÇÝ·Ý+ Ý ¿ 
zhamuh hing’ n eh
"ZHAHM-uh HEENG’N eh"

 

To ask and answer AT what time, tack on the ending ‘-een’ to the hour number i.e. "zhamuh mekin, zhamuh chorsin, etc."
 
 

At what time?
ųÙÁ ù³ÝÇëDZÝ
zhamuh kanisin?


"zham-uh kah-nees-SEEN"
at 6 o’clock (literally, ‘hour 6 at’)
ųÙÁ í»ó+ÇÝ
zhamuh vetsin
"ZHAHM-uh vets+ EEN"

 

AT…

 
one Ù»ÏÇÝ mekin "mehk-EEN"
two »ñÏáõëÇÝ yerkusin "yehr-koos-EEN"
three »ñ»ùÇÝ yerekin "yehr-ehk-EEN"
Four ãáñëÇÝ chorsin "chors-EEN"
Five ÑÇÝ·ÇÝ hingin "heenk-EEN"
Six í»óÇÝ vetsin "vehts-EEN"
Seven ÛáÃÇÝ yotin "yoht-EEN"
Eight áõÃÇÝ ootin "oot-EEN"
Nine ÇÝÝÇÝ innin "een-EEN"
Ten ï³ëÇÝ dasin "dahs-EEN"
Eleven ï³ëÝÙ»ÏÇÝ dasn’mekin "dahs-n’mehk-EEN"
Twelve ï³ëÝ»ñÏáõëÇÝ dasn’yerkusin "dahs-n’yehr-koos’EEN"

Examples:

7 o’clock in the morning (‘in the morning, hour 7’)
³é³íáïÛ³Ý Å³ÙÁ ÛáÃ+ ÇÝ
aravotian zhamuh yotin


"ah-rah-voht-ee’AHN zhahm-uh yoht-EEN"

3 o’clock in the afternoon (‘in the afternoon, hour 3’)
ó»ñ»ÏÁ ųÙÁ »ñ»ù + ÇÝ
tserekuh zhamuh yerekin


"tseh-REHK-uh zhahm-uh yeh-rehk-EEN"

8 o’clock in the evening (‘in the evening, hour 8’)
»ñ»ÏáÛ³Ý Å³ÙÁ áõà + ÇÝ
yerekoyan zhamuh ootin


"yehr-eh-KOY-ee’ahn zhahm-uh oot-EEN"
11 o’clock at night (‘at night, hour 11’)
·Çß»ñÁ ųÙÁ ï³ëÝÙ»Ï+ ÇÝ
gisheruh zhamuh dasn’mekin
"gee-SHEHR-uh zhahm-uh dasn’mek-EEN"

 

To tell theminutes past or before the hour, the rule of thumb is this: From 1-30 minutes past the hour, you will say the hour plus minutes (i.e. ‘hour two and nineteen’ ja-MEH yer-KUS anz das-ne-EE-na ; or 2:19). From 31 minutes to 59 minutes, you will say the next hour, minutes less (i.e. ‘hour three ten less’ ja-MEH ye-rek-EEN das-EH PAK-as; or 2:50) .
 
  Examples:

6 minutes after 4 o’clock , 4:06 (literally, ‘hour 4 and 6 minutes’)
ãáñë+Ý ³Ýó ¿ í»ó ñáå»
chors’n ants eh vets ropeh


"chors’n AHNTS eh vehts roh-PEH"
10 minutes before 1 o’clock , 1:50 (literally, ‘hour 1, 10 less’)
Ù»Ï+ÇÝ ï³ë ¿ å³Ï³ë
mekin das eh pakas
"mehk- EEN DAHS eh pah-kahs"

 

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